GEORG LUKACS. History and Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat. I The Phenomenon of Reification. II The Antinomies of Bourgeois. Lukács’ Reification and the Class Consciousness of the Proletariat is a disorganized but masterful essay written in the aftermath of the greatest. Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat () Proletariat · I. The Phenomenon of Reification › Tags. Georg Lukacs · Marxism.
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On the other hand, the period of time necessary for work to be accomplished which forms the basis of rational calculation is converted, as mechanisation and rationalisation are intensified, from a merely empirical average figure to an objectively calculable work-stint that confronts the worker as a fixed and established reality. And so it is compelled to concentrate on these details so the details themselves emerge as the reality at the expense of the connections between them.
It presupposes a society so structured. Humanities Press,pp. It is obviously not possible here to give an analysis of the whole economic structure of capitalism. But his essay has been widely described as idealist, as over-playing the role of consciousness in the development of class struggle.
But these episodic trends lie to one side of the main philosophical tradition. What is it like to be a woman in philosophy? Reification requires that a society should learn to satisfy all its needs in terms of commodity exchange.
This development came with the development of industrial capitalism. However, both the potentiality to become consxiousness totality in virtue of their form and the normative demand to do so are timeless, a priori conditions of the possibility of works of art in the Neo-Kantian sense GW This gives birth, in the shape of a philosophy of law to an impoverished and formalistic re-edition of natural law Stammler.
Only in this context does the reificiation produced by commodity relations assume decisive importance both for the objective evolution of society and for the stance adopted by men towards it. This makes the agency of the lf party a necessary condition for the revolution. He rounds off this account – very pertinently – with an analysis of the cause and the social implications of this phenomenon:.
But this is an illusion…. Subjectively, this formal equality of human labour in the abstract is not only the common factor to which the various commodities are reduced; it also becomes the real principle governing the actual production of commodities.
Georg [György] Lukács
You are commenting using your WordPress. Today, his most widely read works are the Theory th the Novel of and History and Class Consciousness of Aesthetic reflections of reality, however, differ from science or, more generally, from conceptual and theoretical reflections in three regards: There is no need to spell out the fact that for us these are both merely aspects of the same dialectical unity.
The distinction also has repercussions upon the nature and validity of the category itself. In either case the legal system is formally capable of being generalised so as to relate to every possible situation in life and it is susceptible to prediction and calculation.
Furthermore, there was no gap between individual consciousness and objectified meaning in the world that would have required the individual to project meaning onto the world.
This claim directly touches upon the theory of reification: It is beyond the scope of cinsciousness essay to discuss the central importance of this problem for consciousnes itself.
Reification (Marxism) – Wikipedia
The incomprehensibility and irrationality of crises is indeed a consequence of the class situation and interests of the bourgeoisie but it follows equally from their approach to economics. The latter turns into the objective synthesis of rationalised special systems whose unity is determined by pure calculation and which must therefore seem to be arbitrarily connected with each other.
In this draft of a party platform, which was named after his party alias, he argued for a democratic dictatorship of workers and peasants in Hungary.
First, he had endorsed an optimism concerning the capacity conciousness the proletariat to constitute such a totality in society through a revolutionary overcoming of reification; later on, this optimism was modified to encompass the ever increasing human capacities to become self-conscious of their universal character through a reflection of the existing social totality in the totality of the work of art.
Suhrkamp, and a collection of photographs and original sources in Raddatz, F. The party orthodoxy, however, was not quite so enamored. The novel is always relating to the development of such individuals. The essence of commodity-structure has often been pointed out. A conscious, totalizing principle is almost always absent war time economies are sometimes exceptions.
It is evident that the whole structure of capitalist production rests on the interaction between a necessity subject to strict laws in all isolated phenomena and the relative irrationality of the total prooletariat. The finished article ceases to be the object of the work-process.
This structure is expressed in and through the development of the sciences: You are commenting using your Twitter account. The labour process is relentlessly broken down: On the other hand it is only at this moment that the commodity form of the products of labour becomes general.
However, the conceptualization of practice from the standpoint of aesthetics obscures its historical dimension. From the standpoint of the modern individual, the essence of the modern division of labour is perhaps that it makes work independent of the always irrational, thus only qualitatively determinable, capacities of the workers and places it under objective, goal-oriented critieria that lie outside of his personality and have no relationship to it.
As the commodity becomes universally dominant, this situation changes radically and qualitatively.
He also ,ukacs to publish extensively on literature and art. It is even more in evidence when we consider the great spheres of activity created by the division of labour. It turns out that the contradictions in which the antagonisms of the mechanics of history are expressed are only capable of an objective social solution in practice if the solution is at the same time a new, practically-won consciousness on the part of the proletariat.
The effect that this has lukzcs a single life is beautifully described by John Reed when he records the following in the days after the October revolution:.
Articles containing German-language text. Rereading History and Class Consciousness this week to rewrite my chapter on fetishism in Lukacs. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here This gives a more concrete form to the proposition that the proletariat is the identical subject-object of the historical process, i.
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The revolutionary bourgeois class refused to admit that a legal relationship had a valid foundation merely because it existed in fact. In jurisprudence this situation emerges with even greater clarity and simplicity – because there is a more conscious reification at work. These are no more than random instances.